8 workshops to build the transition!

Led by specialists, boosted by our guests, these 1-hour sessions allow us to go from thought mode to action mode and to go further, in collaborative mode.



Regulatory aspects along the entire value chain

The evolution of regulations is essential for developing hydrogen. The latter must, for example, be included in the mix of renewable energies, with quantified commitments towards carbon-free production and a certificate of origin.


This is the case in France, in the industrial sector, with a 10% share in 2023 and between 20% and 40% in 2028. At both local and European levels, regulations must be adapted to facilitate the installation of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure, in compliance with safety standards.


Transport and storage are also impacted by regulations, which may eventually authorise hydrogen being injected into existing gas grids in mixture form.



Stationary applications

Heating with hydrogen is an idea that the industry is warming up to. Some industrial groups are beginning to produce H2 boilers, with a hydrogen fuel cell that produces heat from natural gas or green hydrogen obtained from renewable energy sources (wind and solar).


One such project has been set up in Belfort. More globally speaking, hydrogen can play a role in energy storage. As a back-up generator, or to provide electricity to off-the-grid areas, this vector is likely to develop in key sectors such as IT for example.



Technologies for using hydrogen

Hydrogen must be transformed for its use: into electricity, heat, mechanical energy. The key element is the fuel cell, which produces electricity, heat, and water vapor from hydrogen.

Other technologies are currently experiencing promising developments, including hydrogen combustion engines.

Fuel cells are integrated into a “system”: the role of auxiliaries is fundamental, such as the air loop, cooling, the hydrogen loop, power electronics, etc.

A race is underway to meet the needs especially in the field of heavy mobility, where high power batteries are required to propel trucks, trains, and boats, while waiting to be able to board planes



Hydrogen for Industry

Hydrogen, yes…but green! It’s mostly grey and sometimes blue, but green is the way forward for developing hydrogen.


To do so, it must be produced from carbon-free electricity, with the help of an electrolyser. This type of device is gaining performance with projects on a scale of several tens of MW. The market is set for intense growth, with a number of projects aimed at decarbonising ports.


For its part, Europe wants to impose green hydrogen in energy-intensive sectors such as the chemical and cement industries. The 2×40 GW initiative, in collaboration with Ukraine and the Maghreb, could also offer high leverage.



Waterways applications

In the heavy mobility category, ships will also increasingly integrate hydrogen. Since there are projects for reducing the carbon footprint of ocean liners, and for ensuring zero-emission navigation in the fjords of Norway, or in submarine mode, the river sector should be one of the first fields of application.


As an alternative to diesel, hydrogen fuel cells could be integrated into shuttle boats or barges for transporting goods. Boats like these already exist in France. Another application is shore power, where the fuel cell can provide electric current.


Projects are popping up all over Europe, both fluvial and maritime.



Production and storage technologies

Carbon-free hydrogen can be produced by electrolysis of water with electricity, but also by many other processes such as pyrogasification, thermolysis. The latter process can use lignocellulosic raw materials, such as wood chips, a natural and renewable product. The specific conditions for each project define the most relevant solution.


Once produced, the hydrogen must be stored. This is where industrialists who develop reservoirs come in. One of the champions is the French automotive supplier Faurecia, which is starting to assemble, for example, products for Hyundai trucks in Switzerland. Storage can also be done in underground cavities, in gas networks.



The jobs of tomorrow

We need to prepare now for future hydrogen-related jobs.


This is already happening in Belfort, where a specialised Master’s degree is offered to engineers. However, it is also necessary to help technicians in the transport sector (buses, lorries and soon cars) to adapt, since they will be required to carry out maintenance (on vehicles and stations).


This workshop will review the needs to be met and the profiles of new jobs created.




At a time when the first stations are being installed in airports in France (and soon in the Netherlands), initially to supply buses and land vehicles, the aeronautics sector is planning its conversion to hydrogen.

First anticipated for the production of electricity onboard planes, hydrogen has also been since the Covid crises and the aeronautical recovery plan, at the heart of discussions for propulsion applications.

This revolution concerns both small passenger aircrafts and airliners. Airbus, for example, is preparing a hydrogen plane by 2035.

In addition to hydrogen production and fuel cell capacity issues, testing and regulation are also at the heart of the issues.